Meet Your Microbes

You may think of yourself as a single being or a single creature, but your body is brimming with bacteria. Other than ‘you’, that’s about 100 trillion more creatures, more ‘bugs’, as they are called. They teem and brush up against each other, forming many microbial municipals in your mouth, nose, gut, skin and genitals. However, you’ve never properly met any one of them, because nobody can ever see a microbe with a naked eye. To get a glimpse of them, you would need a microscope. Yet, as small as they can be, their role in equipping us for life cannot be understated.

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Origins

Origins

God

spoke, a big bang.

Atoms sprang, electrons emerging

from sound. Holding the strings, reverberating,

composing a timeless piece,

writing melodies

of life.

But little

He had to say and so came

silence. The universe expands, in effervescence.

He is kept waiting for a reply,

waiting for signs

of life.

Give grace

and let things come as they

may, on a lonely blue planet floating in space.

Molecules of the primordial soup

in a fray, for a coup

of life.

It is from

pure chance, really, that

random reactions soon made fishes and plants.

Creatures with unique features,

within the circle

of life.

Then came

Man, part of God’s great Plan?

Or were the Gods man-made? Faith starts to fade.

In questioning, they began to see,

much clearly: origins

of life.

6 horrifying and weird medieval medical practices

Originally posted on MIMS.

During the medieval period, medicine was extremely basic, crude, and often painful. It certainly wasn’t a pleasant time to be a patient, but if you were at life’s mercy, you didn’t really have much of a choice in terms of obtaining medical assistance.

Here are a few strange and horrific facts from the days when it was thought that washing hands meant you weren’t a real doctor.

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Laozi’s Notions of Wuwei and Ziran

In early Daoist philosophy, dao is a fundamental concept. From the ancient text of the Daodejing, consisting of 81 chapters, we may first understand dao as a metaphysical concept. In metaphysical terms, dao could mean the origination and principles attached to beginnings of life, material things, and reality. However, dao also covers meta-ethical ideas, which water down to concepts such as wuwei and ziran. In this post, we’ll be exploring these ideas specifically. And to better illuminate them, we shall consider a counter-argument from Confucian thought and see how Laozi might’ve defended his position.

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Three New Ways to Target and Treat Various Forms of Cancer

Originally posted on MIMS.

Treating cancer these days effectively doesn’t necessarily entail a cocktail of chemotherapy or radiotherapy for the patient. Often, the real challenge is to get certain regulatory cells out of the way, provide treatments when the time is right, or have a therapy that can give high doses of radiation safely. Here are three such new methods that are seeking to change treatments for the better.

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Remedied (science) writing – 2

#1

The oxidation of a sugar’s anomeric carbon by cupric or ferric ion occurs only with the linear form, which exists in equilibrium with the cyclic form(s). When the anomeric carbon is involved in a glycosidic bond, that sugar residue cannot take the linear form and therefore becomes a nonreducing sugar.

The anomeric carbon of a linear sugar can only be oxidised by cupric or ferric ions. If a sugar residue’s anomeric carbon is involved in a glycosidic bond, then that residue cannot be linearized — it becomes a nonreducing sugar.

  • Avoiding nominalisations in early parts of the sentence and writing it as a verb gives a sentence more ‘action’.

 

#2

Binding to plasma proteins, hormone metabolism and excretion regulates concentration of active hormones.

The concentration of active hormones is regulated by its binding to plasma proteins, its metabolism, and its excretion.

  • English syntax demands subject before object and human memory demands lightest before heaviest.

 

#3

Regulation of glycogen metabolism is different in muscle and liver.

In muscle, the end served by glycolysis is ATP production and the rate of glycolysis increases as muscle works more, demanding more ATP.

The liver has a different role in whole-body metabolism and glucose metabolism in the liver is different. The liver makes sure that glucose level is constant in the blood, producing and exporting glucose.

Glycogen metabolism is regulated differently in muscle and liver.

In muscle, glucose is broken down from glycogen and is used in glycolysis to produce ATP for muscular work. When muscle works more, the rate of glycolysis increases as more ATP is demanded.

In liver, glucose is produced from glycogen and exported into the blood to ensure a constant blood-glucose level.

  • This one was a tough one. Is glycogen metabolism the main point in the original? Because the following descriptions seem to suggest glucose metabolism.
  • And although it was easy to understand the sentences individually, as a whole it didn’t make much sense to me. So, I made glucose the subject of the sentences and matched their sentence structures to make them symmetrical to each other.

AI Watson and other nanorobots to help ‘detective doctors’ solve medical mysteries

Originally posted on MIMS.

In Arthur Conan Doyle’s The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Dr. John H. Watson serves as the friend and assistant for the famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, who has an intellectual fetish for solving the most puzzling of crimes. But in the real world, doctors often play the role of a detective in the practice of medicine – to correctly diagnose their patients – a crucial challenge to ensure they can receive appropriate medical care.

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