6 horrifying and weird medieval medical practices

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Originally posted on MIMS.

During the medieval period, medicine was extremely basic, crude, and often painful. It certainly wasn’t a pleasant time to be a patient, but if you were at life’s mercy, you didn’t really have much of a choice in terms of obtaining medical assistance.

Here are a few strange and horrific facts from the days when it was thought that washing hands meant you weren’t a real doctor.

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The Way

Busy with the intellectual,
Out of touch with the affectual.
Unsure of the wants
Desires, they gradually taunt.

A magnet in precession
Spins, tilted in orientation.
Where’s then, the True North?
Guidance please come forth.

Motionless and stillness…
In need of resonance
Messy and unpredictable
Will there be constants?

What happens after, when we wander?
All there is, is wonder
Half-knowing; half-unknowing
It just keeps on flowing.

Laozi’s notions of wuwei and ziran

Daoist thinker Laozi.

In early Daoist philosophy, dao is a fundamental concept. From the ancient text of the Daodejing, consisting of 81 chapters, we may first understand dao as a metaphysical concept. In metaphysical terms, dao could mean the origination and principles attached to beginnings of life, material things, and reality. However, dao also covers meta-ethical ideas, which water down to concepts such as wuwei and ziran. In this post, we’ll be exploring these ideas specifically. And to better illuminate them, we shall consider a counter-argument from Confucian thought and see how Laozi might’ve defended his position.

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Three new ways to target and treat various forms of cancer

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Originally posted on MIMS.

Treating cancer these days effectively doesn’t necessarily entail a cocktail of chemotherapy or radiotherapy for the patient. Often, the real challenge is to get certain regulatory cells out of the way, provide treatments when the time is right, or have a therapy that can give high doses of radiation safely. Here are three such new methods that are seeking to change treatments for the better.

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Remedied (science) writing – 2

#1

The oxidation of a sugar’s anomeric carbon by cupric or ferric ion occurs only with the linear form, which exists in equilibrium with the cyclic form(s). When the anomeric carbon is involved in a glycosidic bond, that sugar residue cannot take the linear form and therefore becomes a nonreducing sugar.

The anomeric carbon of a linear sugar can only be oxidised by cupric or ferric ions. If a sugar residue’s anomeric carbon is involved in a glycosidic bond, then that residue cannot be linearized — it becomes a nonreducing sugar.

  • Avoiding nominalisations in early parts of the sentence and writing it as a verb gives a sentence more ‘action’.

 

#2

Binding to plasma proteins, hormone metabolism and excretion regulates concentration of active hormones.

The concentration of active hormones is regulated by its binding to plasma proteins, its metabolism, and its excretion.

  • English syntax demands subject before object and human memory demands lightest before heaviest.

 

#3

Regulation of glycogen metabolism is different in muscle and liver.

In muscle, the end served by glycolysis is ATP production and the rate of glycolysis increases as muscle works more, demanding more ATP.

The liver has a different role in whole-body metabolism and glucose metabolism in the liver is different. The liver makes sure that glucose level is constant in the blood, producing and exporting glucose.

Glycogen metabolism is regulated differently in muscle and liver.

In muscle, glucose is broken down from glycogen and is used in glycolysis to produce ATP for muscular work. When muscle works more, the rate of glycolysis increases as more ATP is demanded.

In liver, glucose is produced from glycogen and exported into the blood to ensure a constant blood-glucose level.

  • This one was a tough one. Is glycogen metabolism the main point in the original? Because the following descriptions seem to suggest glucose metabolism.
  • And although it was easy to understand the sentences individually, as a whole it didn’t make much sense to me. So, I made glucose the subject of the sentences and matched their sentence structures to make them symmetrical to each other.

AI Watson and other nanorobots to help ‘detective doctors’ solve medical mysteries

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Originally posted on MIMS.

In Arthur Conan Doyle’s The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Dr. John H. Watson serves as the friend and assistant for the famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, who has an intellectual fetish for solving the most puzzling of crimes. But in the real world, doctors often play the role of a detective in the practice of medicine – to correctly diagnose their patients – a crucial challenge to ensure they can receive appropriate medical care.

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