Laozi’s Notions of Wuwei and Ziran

In early Daoist philosophy, dao is a fundamental concept. From the ancient text of the Daodejing, consisting of 81 chapters, we may first understand dao as a metaphysical concept. In metaphysical terms, dao could mean the origination and principles attached to beginnings of life, material things, and reality. However, dao also covers meta-ethical ideas, which water down to concepts such as wuwei and ziran. In this post, we’ll be exploring these ideas specifically. And to better illuminate them, we shall consider a counter-argument from Confucian thought and see how Laozi might’ve defended his position.

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Book review: Allen Buchanan’s Beyond Humanity?

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Wings, a possible biomedical enhancement? Adam didn’t ask for it.

This is a book review that I’ve written for one of my assignments for a class in the philosophy of technology when I was a freshman. It was the first time I ever needed to read a piece of philosophical work in detail to give it a fair critique. Though some parts of the reading were hard to understand for me because I had to read several chapters three or four times, writing this has been fun and I learned a lot from Buchanan’s arguments and his perspectives towards the traditional enhancement debate.

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